2022-11-20

「小提琴」小提琴流行樂就不能提高技巧?今天帶你從Ed sheeran《perfect》到揉弦高手 (附小提琴曲譜)| 「violin」Can't violin pops improve technique? Today I will take you from Ed sheeran's "perfect" to a vibrato master

很多想學小提琴的朋友都會有自己想演奏的“夢中情曲”,或是古典音樂,或是現代流行音樂,但是流行音樂的樂器經常會被詬病和否定,很多專業的古典小提琴演奏者都質疑其對小提琴樂器演奏水平有提高的效果。但是其實,想要真正演奏好旋律,其中需要很多基本功打底,這也恰恰能激發學習者對於基本功的熱情以及練習動力。今天我們就藉助Ed sheeran的《perfect》來聊聊揉弦。           Ed sheeran <perfect>     視頻為小提琴改編譜子節選         想要獲得獨家指法,弓法與線上一對一免費指導嗎?快來預約免費小提琴試聽課,幫助你快速找到練習方法!!!   那麼我們可以看到,面對慢速抒情性的曲子,如果沒有揉弦,只是乾巴巴的拉奏,無法表達曲目的感情,這時候我們需要思考,揉弦該如何練得好聽呢?所以接下來我們要系統的先了解一下揉弦。   揉弦一詞源自意大利文Vibrato原意為顫動。揉弦是通過左手手指在弦上的前後晃動得到的,使聲音的音高產生了規律的波動,是小提琴等弦樂演奏所掌握的最具表現力的演奏技巧之一,在樂句適當的地方加上適當的揉弦,聲音會更加生動,不同的揉弦方式可以表現出不同的風格和特徵。           小提琴在聲音方面可以模仿人聲,接近人聲。運用好揉弦,會使小提琴的音色更美,更感人。在音樂的處理中,只有我們懂得了各種類型的揉弦,並且運用到實踐中,才能創造出無限的空間,賦予更多色彩與感情的變化。       揉弦的種類         揉弦在音質上,可以分成兩種:一種是強烈的有深度的“揉”弦,另一種是表面上起裝飾作用或收尾作用的“柔”弦。       前者多用手臂背面作為力的牽引處,規則而有分寸的運動。隨著音的強弱要求和弓的可用長短,揉弦的振幅和頻率都會有相應的變化,“因為音有音高,音強,音長和音色四種性質,其中,音強取決於振幅,音高取決於頻率。”後者用於短音符,收尾音或在有夢幻氣息的小品中使用,是為了表達一種浪漫而使用的揉弦手法,所發出的音之間連接性是特別好的,也是表達長句子的優美手法,在弱音結尾時也很常用,這時手腕揉弦就體現出它的優勢了。       揉弦在手法上可以分為三種,即腕法,指法和臂法。        1.腕法:腕法主要依靠手腕顫動,聽起來委婉動聽。一般揉弦都是先學習腕法,這種方法小臂不動,以手腕為軸,手前後擺動為主,手指第一關節略動。   2.指法:指法揉弦則依靠的是手指關節顫動,聽起來柔美細軟。這種手法主要用在小提琴的高把位上,手指在所按的音符上緊——松——緊——鬆的交替而獲得的揉音效果。   3.臂法:最後是臂法揉弦,它是主要依靠小臂顫動,聽起來熱情飽滿。這種手法是以小臂的前後擺動為主,腕子不動,手指第一關節略動。 “在小提琴教學法中有過這樣的比喻:手好比一棵樹,神經系統好比風,手腕揉弦好比和風吹動了樹枝,手指微微顫動時猶如微風吹動了樹葉,臂揉好比大風把樹幹也吹動了。”   如何學習揉弦   1.手腕揉弦:         這種方法可以先將手臂放在大腿上或椅背上,然後將手腕放鬆前後搖動,待動作習慣自如後,再放到指板上練習。我們把左手放到第四把位,手腕靠在琴肩上,然後前後搖動手腕,就可以獲取這一動作。        同時要注意的是,虎口與琴頸之間要有空隙,幾乎是可以一個手指伸進去的空。手指在指板各音位置上前後揉動時重要的是強調手腕後仰的動作,然後再往前回到原位,可不要一味地只顧往前揉動,而沒有向後仰的動作。手腕前後揉動時帶動的是手指的第一關節,手指的接觸點不能隨著手腕的揉動而前後移位。我們在學習手腕揉弦開始,可以從三指開始,因為三指揉弦可以使動作更為寬鬆,然後再學習二指和一指。對於大部分人來說,四指是最難學的,四指平時用的不如三指,二指和一指多,因此也顯得沒它們那麼有力,所以要多練習四指,可以將三指緊靠四指幫助揉動,這樣會使波動的效果更為自如。     2.手指揉弦:   手指揉弦這種揉弦方法通常僅在小提琴的高把位上,手指在所按音位上緊——松——再緊——再松相互交替所獲得的揉音效果。我們應該怎樣學習手指揉弦呢?剛開始,應該慢慢地有節奏的和有規律地去練,如果有節拍器的話,最好用節拍器。手指先向琴頭方向躺下,然後再立起來,這樣算一下,就這樣一下一下慢慢地形成音波。等到每個手指都練熟練後,可以逐漸加快速度,從一弓揉兩下,慢慢地增加三下,五下,七下。   3.手臂揉弦:   這種揉弦方法當然主要依靠的是手臂,手指第一關節略動。在練習過程中,左手第三指可以先按在第一把位A弦re的位置,琴頭頂在一個固定的物體上(比如說牆上),大拇指扶著琴頸,首先用下臂的力量將三指往琴頭的方向帶,一直到手指基本躺在A弦上為止,這時,手指肚應該壓在降re的位置上;然後再用下臂的力量將三指往自己的方向帶,到手指直立,這時手指又按在了re的位置,就這樣由慢到快地練習,直到完全掌握手臂揉弦。另外,我們在練習手臂揉弦時,還可以利用小臂的力量讓左手在第一至第三把位來回移動,要注意的是,拇指和食指不要將琴頸抓緊,換句話說,就是要放鬆一些。           以上是腕法,指法和臂法三種揉弦,不管哪種揉弦,都要保證大拇指的放鬆,姿勢要正確,每一個按弦的手指在按弦時不要太用力,否則會影響揉弦的音色。整個左手和手臂只有放鬆,才會有柔和和輕快感覺。   ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————   English version   Many friends who want to learn the violin will have a "dream love song" they want to play, or classical music, or modern pop music, but popular music instruments are often criticized and denied, and many professional classical violin players question It has the effect of improving the playing level of the violin instrument. But in fact, if you want to really play the melody well, you need a lot of basic skills, which can just stimulate learners' enthusiasm for basic skills and motivation to practice. Today we will talk about vibrato with the help of Ed sheeran's "perfect".                 Want to get exclusive fingering, bowing and online one-on-one free instruction? Come and book a free violin trial lesson to help you quickly find practice methods! ! !     Then we can see that in the face of slow lyrical pieces, if there is no vibrato, it is just played dryly, unable to express the emotion of the song. At this time, we need to think about how to practice vibrato well? So next we have to systematically understand vibrato.       The word vibrato comes from the Italian word Vibrato, which means vibration. Vibrato is obtained by shaking the fingers of the left hand back and forth on the strings, which produces regular fluctuations in the pitch of the sound. It is one of the most expressive performance skills mastered by violin and other string instruments. With proper vibrato, the sound will be more vivid, and different ways of vibrato can show different styles and characteristics.           The violin can imitate the human voice in terms of sound, which is close to the human voice. Good use of vibrato will make the violin's tone more beautiful and touching. In the processing of music, only when we understand various types of vibrato and apply them in practice can we create infinite space and give more changes in color and emotion.       Types of vibrato         In terms of sound quality, vibrato strings can be divided into two types: one is strong and deep "rubber" strings, and the other is "soft" strings that play a decorative or finishing role on the surface.       The former mostly uses the back of the arm as the traction point of force, and moves regularly and measuredly. With the requirement of sound strength and the available length of bow, the amplitude and frequency of vibrato will change accordingly, "because sound has four properties: pitch, sound intensity, sound length and timbre, among them, the sound strength depends on the amplitude, and the sound High depends on the frequency." The latter is used for short notes, ending notes, or in dreamy sketches. It is a vibrato technique used to express a romance. The graceful technique of long sentences is also commonly used at the end of the pianist, and wrist vibrato shows its advantage at this time.       Vibrato can be divided into three types in terms of technique, namely wrist technique, finger technique and arm technique.        1. Wrist method: The wrist method mainly relies on the vibration of the wrist, which sounds euphemistic and pleasant. Generally, the wrist method is first learned for vibrato. In this method, the forearm does not move, and the wrist is used as the axis. The hand mainly swings back and forth, and the first joint of the finger moves slightly. 2. Fingering: Fingering and vibrato rely on the vibration of finger joints, which sounds soft and soft. This technique is mainly used on the high position of the violin, and the kneading effect is obtained by alternating the tight-loose-tight-loose fingers on the pressed notes. 3. Arm method: The last is the arm method and vibrato, which mainly relies on the vibration of the forearm and sounds full of enthusiasm. This technique is mainly based on the forearm swing back and forth, the wrist does not move, and the first joint of the finger moves slightly. "There is such a metaphor in the violin teaching method: the hand is like a tree, the nervous system is like the wind, the wrist vibrato is like a gentle breeze blowing the branches, the slight trembling of the fingers is like the breeze blowing the leaves, and the arm rubbing is like a strong wind blowing the trunk. It blows too."     How to learn vibrato   1. Wrist vibrato:         In this method, you can first put your arms on your thighs or on the back of a chair, then relax your wrists and shake them back and forth. After you get used to the movements freely, you can put them on the fingerboard for practice. We can get this action by placing the left hand in the fourth position, resting the wrist on the shoulder of the piano, and shaking the wrist back and forth.        At the same time, it should be noted that there must be a gap between the tiger's mouth and the neck of the piano, almost a space that can be inserted with a finger. When kneading the fingers back and forth on each sound position on the fingerboard, it is important to emphasize the movement of the wrist back, and then move forward and return to the original position. Don't just focus on kneading forward without leaning back. When the wrist is rubbed back and forth, it is the first joint of the finger that is driven, and the contact point of the finger cannot be shifted back and forth with the rubbing of the wrist. We start with wrist vibrato, we can start with the third finger, because the three-finger vibrato can make the movement more relaxed, and then learn the second finger and one finger. For most people, the four fingers are the most difficult to learn. The four fingers are not used as much as the three fingers, two fingers and one finger, so they are not as powerful as them. Therefore, you need to practice more four fingers. Close to the four fingers to help knead, this will make the effect of fluctuations more comfortable.     2. Finger vibrato:   The vibrato method of finger vibrato is usually only on the high position of the violin, and the vibrato effect is obtained by alternately tightening-loosening-re-tightening-releasing the fingers on the pressed phoneme. How should we learn finger vibrato? At first, practice slowly, rhythmically and regularly, preferably with a metronome if available. The fingers lie down toward the piano head first, and then stand up again. Count like this, and slowly form sound waves like this. After each finger is practiced proficiently, you can gradually increase the speed, starting from two strokes with one bow, and slowly increase to three, five, and seven strokes.   3. Arm vibrato:   Of course, this vibrato method mainly relies on the arm, and the first joint of the finger moves slightly. During practice, the third finger of the left hand can be pressed on the position of the A string re in the first position, the head of the piano is placed on a fixed object (such as a wall), and the thumb is supported on the neck. Bring the three fingers toward the headstock with strength until the fingers are basically lying on the A string. At this time, the belly of the fingers should be pressed on the position of the lower re; then use the strength of the lower arm to bring the three fingers toward yourself. , until the fingers are upright, at this time the fingers are pressed to the position of re again, and practice from slow to fast in this way until the arm vibrato is fully mastered. In addition, when we practice arm vibrato, we can also use the strength of the forearm to move the left hand back and forth from the first to the third position. It should be noted that the thumb and index finger should not grasp the neck of the violin, in other words, it is necessary to relax. Some.           The above are three kinds of vibrato: wrist method, finger method and arm method. No matter what kind of vibrato, the thumb should be relaxed and the posture should be correct. Each finger that presses the string should not use too much force when pressing the string, otherwise it will affect the tone of the vibrato. Only when the entire left hand and arm are relaxed can there be a soft and light feeling.

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2022-11-19

An Effective Exercise Guide for saxophone (IV)

    In the first three blogs, we introduced long tones, intervals and scales. Have you grasped the key points of these knowledge? If you have any doubts about the scale practice or want to learn more practice methods, we will continue to answer them in the future blog. If you want to know more about learning, please continue to follow our blog and subscribe to our newsletter, and don't miss our every share.     Do you feel boring when you perform long tone exercises, interval exercises or playing notes for a long time? In addition to the contrast of notes, do you want to know more about ways to enhance the emotional color of music? Today, Six Months Rebellion will share a method that can enhance the "charm" of saxophone – trill. If you add the longer pointed notes to the trill technique when you practice basic skills, I believe your performance will become more beautiful.                                                Trill:     Trill is a very common performance skill of saxophone, and it is also a skill that is easy to master. However, this technique needs to be practiced. If you can master it skillfully, you can use it as you like and express your playing mood at any time. On the contrary, if you can't master this skill, it will make the music very stiff. Therefore, the only way to improve our performance level is to practice!     Type of saxophone trill:     So far, saxophone's trill skills can be divided into four categories: jaw type trill  skills, lip type trill skills, throat type trill  skills and diaphragm type trill skills. In today's blog, we will introduce the common lip tremolo techniques and diaphragm trill techniques, and provide you with detailed practice methods.     Lip trill technique:   Lip trill is a tremolo technique produced by controlling the lip muscles to exert force on the reed. We only need to control the lips to play this technique well. Usually, this technique can be used to play tremolos with large amplitude, and it is also easy to master. Therefore, lip trill are also chosen by many players.                                            But when we play lip trill, we will inevitably pull our lips and facial muscles, so it may affect our mouth shape. In addition, this trill can easily make the timbre played very stiff, so we need to carefully choose the appropriate mouth shape when learning.     We can try to play the long tone of saxophone together, and deliberately use the lower lip to continuously exert different strength on the reed. Can you feel the timbre change at this moment?     Abdominal trill:     Abdominal trill, also known as diaphragm tremolo, is a tremolo technique that relies on the movement of abdominal muscles to exert different pressures on the diaphragm to change the size of air output. In fact, this tremolo is often used by other woodwind instruments and brass players, but it is not easy to control this technique when playing saxophone.                                                    Now we can try to have a good laugh. When we laugh, we can pay attention to whether there is a gap between our laughter? That is to say, we laugh like this: Ha… Ha… Ha… This is the performance of our abdominal muscles. However, the performance of the saxophone requires accurate and flexible control of the amplitude and speed of the tremolo, so it is difficult for us to use this technique flexibly.   How to practice tremolo?   How to trill on saxophone       To make a good trill, we must first learn to control and relax our jaw. First, we need to put the mouthpiece into our mouth and make the correct mouth shape to hold the mouthpiece. We try to move the jaw up and down again, which is similar to saying the words "oh" and "so" in a quick succession. You can try to feel the change of the voice.     When we play trill, we cannot break our mouth shape in order to control the jaw. A good trill is based on the standard mouth shape. At the same time, we should ensure that every note can be played full, mellow and substantial, and we should not put too much pressure on the reed, otherwise the timbre of saxophone will become dry and unpleasant.       At the beginning of the exercise, we can also use the metronome to assist in the exercise: Adjust the metronome to 50-60, and you can play tremolo regularly in each beat. For example, we can think of the time value of a quarter note as two eighth notes to play. Because trill is played continuously, it will not cause any performance changes. When we play more skillfully, we can play triplets, four sixteenth notes or play faster in one beat until you can master this skill.           

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2022-11-19

色士風的高效練習指南(四)

      我們在前三期的blog當中分別為大家介紹了長音、音程與音階,大家已經領會這些知識的重點了嗎?關於音階練習的部分如果您還有疑惑或者還想學習更多的練習方法,我們會在今後的blog的當中繼續為您解答。如果您還想了解更多的學習資訊,那就請繼續關注我們的blog並訂閱我們的newsletter,不錯過我們的每一次分享。     在進行長音練習、音程練習或者演奏的音符時值較長時,您是否會感覺枯燥無味呢?除了音符的強弱對比,您是否還想知道更多關於增強音樂感情色彩的方法?今天Six Months Rebellion就為大家分享一種能夠增強色士風“韻味”的方法—顫音(也可以被稱為抖音),如果在您練習基本功時把較長時指的音符加入顫音技巧,相信您的音樂會變得更佳動聽。                                                          顫音:      顫音是一個很常見的色士風演奏技巧,也是比較容易掌握的一種技巧。但是,這種技巧是需要進行練習的,如果您可以熟練掌握它就可以隨心所欲的使用它也可以隨時表達自己的演奏情緒色彩。相反,如果您不能熟練掌握這個技巧,那就會使樂曲變的非常僵硬。所以,能夠提高我們演奏水平的唯一方式,就是—練習!     色士風顫音的種類:      到目前為止,色士風的顫音技巧共有4種分類,分別為:頜式顫音技巧、唇式顫音技巧、喉式顫音技巧與橫隔膜式顫音技巧。今天的blog分享我們將針對比較常見的唇式顫音技巧與橫膈膜式顫音技巧來為大家介紹,並為大家提供詳細的練習方法。     唇式顫音技巧:                                                       唇式顫音就是控制嘴唇肌肉對簧片施加力量而產生的顫音技巧,我們只需要控制好嘴唇就可以演奏好這個技巧。通常,這個技巧可以被運用在演奏幅度比較大的顫音上,也比較容易被掌握,因此唇式顫音也是一種被較多色士風演奏者所選擇的顫音。       但是我們在演奏唇式顫音時必然會拉扯到我們的唇部與面部肌肉,因此可能會影響到我們的口型。還有,這種顫音很容易使演奏出的音色變得十分僵硬,因此我們在學習的時候需要謹慎選擇適合自己的口型。     我們可以一起嘗試在吹奏色士風的長音時,故意用下嘴唇持續對簧片施加不同的力度,您能感受到此時此刻的音色變化嗎?     腹式顫音:      腹式顫音也可以被稱為橫隔膜式顫音,是倚靠腹部肌肉的運動對橫隔膜施加不同的壓力以改變氣流輸出的大小來實現的一種顫音技巧。其實,這種顫音也會經常被其它的木管樂器以及銅管樂器的樂手使用,但是在色士風演奏時想要控制好這種技巧卻不是一件簡單的事。                                                   我們現在可以嘗試進行開懷大笑,大家笑的時候可以留意我們的笑聲之間是否是有間隔的?也就是說我們笑起來是這個樣子的:哈…哈…哈… 這就是我們的腹部肌肉在用力的表現。但是,憂鬱色士風的演奏需要準確且靈活的控制顫音的幅度與速度,因此如果我們想要靈活的使用這種顫音技巧是有一定困難的。     如何練習顫音?   How to trill on saxophone         想要做出好的顫音,我們首先就要學會控制與放鬆我們的下頜。首先,我們需要將吹嘴放入我們的口中,並做出正確的口型將吹嘴含住。我們再嘗試將下頜進行上下移動,就類似於快速連續的說出:哦、唔兩個字,大家可以嘗試去感覺聲音的變化。     我們在演奏顫音時,不能為了控制下頜就破壞掉我們的口型,一個良好的顫音是以標準的口型為前提來進行的。同時,我們要確保每一個音符都可以被演奏的飽滿、圓潤和充實,不能對簧片施加過多的壓力,否則會導致色士風的音色變得乾澀難聽。     我們在練習之初也可以使用節拍器來進行輔助練習:      將節拍器的速度調至50-60,可以在每一拍內有規律的進行顫音演奏。例如:我們可以將一個四分音符的時值想像成兩個八分音符來演奏,因為顫音是連續演奏的所以不會造成任何的演奏變化。當我們演奏的更熟練之後,可以在一拍內演奏三連音、四個十六分音符或者進行更快速的吹奏,直到您可以熟練掌握這個技巧。        

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2022-11-19

帶您認識管樂團當中的銅管樂器—圓號

        我們在上期的blog當中為大家分享了銅管樂團中的高音擔當—小號,大家有認真去聆聽小號的聲音嗎?您是否有感覺到小號每次的出現都能夠帶領樂隊的情緒走向不同的情緒與高潮呢?     大家在聆聽管樂團中小號的演繹部分時有沒有發現在樂團內還有一個溫柔的聲音呢?是否有在一支銅管樂隊當中聽到了木管樂器的音色呢?這就是我們Six Months Rebellion Music 今天為大家介紹的樂器—圓號/法國號的特點。                                                              圓號/法國號:      圓號也可以被稱為法國號,它之所以有這個名稱是因為它被法國的作曲家廣泛的運用到樂隊與歌劇當中,在法國音樂當中佔有了一席之地。但是大家要知道圓號的發源地其實是英國哦~     我們在上一期的blog當中有介紹小號是一件負責高音聲部的樂器,那大家在欣賞完這段音樂之後能感受到圓號的獨特魅力嗎?早在18世紀的時候,圓號作為一個銅管樂器卻經常被作曲家放在木管樂器聲部當中使用,因為它的聲音極具色彩,它在管樂隊當中也有著不俗的表現。如果我們觀察圓號在管樂隊和管弦樂隊當中的表現,我們會發現圓號既可以擔任和聲、復調等聲部,還能擔任一些特殊情緒與特殊音樂色彩的聲部。同時,圓號的音域是所有銅管樂器當中最寬廣的,因此它可以負責承擔連接木管樂器與銅管樂器音色銜接的重任,它也像是一座橋樑一樣能夠起到支撐和連接的作用。因此,圓號這件樂器在樂隊當中具有十分重要的地位,也是一個十分特別的存在。                                                                                 圓號有著彎曲的圓錐形管體,且它的號嘴是呈漏斗型的,喇叭口也比較大。鍵盤也是圓號組成的一個重要部分,一支圓號通常能演奏四個八度,這對於銅管樂器來說是一件非常難得的事情。雖然圓號的指法並不煩瑣,但是恰恰是簡單的指法這卻要求演奏者對於氣息有著極強的控制能力,因此想要將圓號這件樂器演奏好並不是一件簡單的事。     Strauss Jr. The Blue Danube, Horn Solo (2021)       我們一起來欣賞一下約翰·施特勞斯的《藍色多瑙河》,大家有感受到圓號那柔和、迷人又輝煌的音色了嗎?它與小號的不同之處就是,它有一種柔美、飄逸又神秘的色彩。大家能感受到施特勞斯筆下多瑙河畔的波濤嗎?有時是深邃飄逸的、有時是低吟輕柔的、有時是波濤洶湧的,這些感情色彩都可以通過圓號這一支樂器就能全部表達出來。因此,像莫札特、舒曼、勃拉姆斯等作曲家都對圓號有著極高的評價。其中勃拉姆斯認為圓號的聲音十分溫暖且莊嚴,他還創作出《圓號三重奏Op.40》用來追憶自己的母親,這也能看出來圓號在他心中的地位。     Brahms : Trio pour cor violon et piano en Mi bémol Majeur op 40     低音區:圓號的低音區音色十分的醇厚,並且在這種厚實的感覺當中我們還可以聽到一些柔和、溫和的色彩,給人一種踏實、舒心的感覺。好似我們正被一種堅定、溫暖、安全的聲音所包圍,讓人有一種平和又安逸的感覺。   中音區:中音區也是圓號應用最廣泛的一個音域,這個音區的音色十分飽滿、輕快、明亮,同時也十分的柔和且具有感情色彩。如果說圓號的低音區能夠讓人有一個安全踏實的感覺,那圓號的中音區則可以用更好的演奏一些抒情性的旋律。它的音色能夠使樂曲充滿歌唱性、能夠表達出音樂背景的輝煌,還能表達出樂句的無限寬廣的意境與深意,能夠表達深沉的憂思還能夠表達典雅的旋律,十分適合表達情緒色彩。   中音區:中音區也是圓號應用最廣泛的一個音域,這個音區的音色十分飽滿、輕快、明亮,同時也十分的柔和且具有感情色彩。如果說圓號的低音區能夠讓人有一個安全踏實的感覺,那圓號的中音區則可以用更好的演奏一些抒情性的旋律。它的音色能夠使樂曲充滿歌唱性、能夠表達出音樂背景的輝煌,還能表達出樂句的無限寬廣的意境與深意,能夠表達深沉的憂思還能夠表達典雅的旋律,十分適合表達情緒色彩。

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2022-11-19

Brass instruments in the orchestra–the horn

    In the last blog, we shared the high pitched role of trumpet in the brass orchestra. Did you listen to the trumpet carefully? Do you feel that each appearance of trumpet can lead the orchestra to different emotions and climaxes?   When listening to the interpretation of trumpet in the orchestra, did you find a soft voice? Did you hear the timbre of woodwind instruments in a brass orchestra? This is the characteristics of the horn/French horn, which will be introduced to you today by Six Months Rebellion Music.                                                              Horn/French horn:     The horn can also be called the French horn. The reason why it has this name is that it is widely used by French composers in orchestras and operas, and has a reputationin French music. But you should know that the origin of the horn is actually Britain.    In the last blog, we introduced that the trumpet is a musical instrument responsible for the high voice part. Can you feel the unique charm of the horn after enjoying this music? As early as the 18th century, the horn, as a brass instrument, was often used by composers in the woodwind part, because its sound was very colorful, and it also had a good performance in the wind orchestra. If we observe the performance of the horn in wind bands and orchestras, we will find that the horn can not only serve as harmony, polyphony and other voice parts, but also serve as some voice parts with special emotions and special musical colors. At the same time, the horn has the broadest range of all brass instruments, so it can be responsible for connecting the timbre of woodwind instruments and brass instruments. It can also serve as a bridge to support and connect. Therefore, the horn is a very important instrument in the band, and it is also very special.                                                      The horn has a curved conical tube, and its horn mouth is funnel shaped, and its bell mouth is relatively large. The keyboard is also an important part of the horn. A horn can usually play four octaves, which is a very rare thing for brass instruments. Although the fingering skills arenot complicated, it is just a simple fingering that requires the player to have a strong control over breath, so it is not easy to play the horn well.   Strauss Jr. The Blue Danube, Horn Solo (2021)      Let's enjoy the Blue Danube by John Strauss. Do you feel the soft, charming and brilliant tone of the horn? The difference between the horn and the trumpet is that the former has a soft, elegant and mysterious color. Can you feel the waves along the Danube described by Strauss? Sometimes it is deep and elegant, sometimes it is murmuring softly, sometimes it is choppy. All these feelings can be expressed through the horn. Therefore, composers such as Mozart, Schumann, Brahms and so on have a high evaluation of the horn. Among them, Brahms believed that the horn voice was very warm and solemn. He also created the Horn Trio Op.40 to remember his mother, which also showed the position of the horn in his heart.   Brahms : Trio pour cor violon et piano en Mi bémol Majeur op 40     Bass area: The tone in the bass area of the horn is very mellow, and in this thick feeling, we can also hear some soft and gentle colors, giving people a sense of steadinessand comfort. It seems that we are surrounded by a firm, warm and safe voice, which makes people feel peaceful and comfortable.   Midrange: The midrange is also the most widely used range of the horn. The timbre of this range is very full, light, bright, and also very soft and emotional. If the low pitch area of the horn can make people feel safe and steady, the mid pitch area of the horn can better play some lyrical melodies. Its timbre can make the music full of singing, can express the brilliance of the music background, can also express the infinite artistic conception and deep meaning of the phrase, can express deep sorrow and can also express elegant melody, which is very suitable for expressing emotional color.   Treble area: The treble area of the horn has some tension, and its timbre becomes very prominent in the ensemble. Although the horn is a brass instrument, its treble does not have the loud and clear sense that a brass instrument should have. On the contrary, its treble timbre can still give a stable, solid and brilliant feeling. 

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2022-11-18

影音設備|如何架設自己的錄音室

  在這世代,因科技產品的發達,想隨意分享你的音樂已經成為一件很簡單的事了。那麼你又該如何在家錄製自己的音樂,需要什麼設備呢?   除了你的樂器,你首先需要一台電腦/筆電/智能手機。重點是,在此設備上需要安裝一個音效剪輯軟體。然後你還需要一個可以讓將聲音輸入至電腦/手機的錄音介面和一個麥克風。最後,一副可以用來監聽你的錄音過程的耳機。   接下來,我們就實際針對錄製的過程、電腦軟件/APP、設備設置、成本等方面做更深入的探討。     透過電腦/筆電或智能手機進行家庭錄音   用來進行錄音工作的電腦/筆腦不需要很花哨,一台具有 8 GB RAM 和大約 128 GB 存儲空間的中階電腦就足夠讓你進行簡單基本的錄製工作了。   重要的是你要有安裝一個音效剪輯軟體,這樣你才能將你所錄製的聲音剪輯成你想要的音樂作品。     目前市面上有許多免費的剪輯軟體可選擇,例如 Audacity、Sound Bridge 和 Tracktion。每個都有其優缺點,但對於一個免費軟體,這些軟體在出初學階段,甚至進階一點都很夠用了。 如果你還沒有電腦/筆腦,只要你有智能手機也可以。針對 iOS/iPhone 的用戶,手機上應該都已安裝 GarageBand 這個 APP。這個 APP 可用於錄音及基本剪輯。它還可以讓你混入其他音軌和 MIDI 聲音。   但如果你是 Android 用戶,又或者你沒有 Garageband,你可以下載 BandLab,它也是一款免費的音樂錄製 APP。   在此給手機用戶一個建議,為提升聲音的品質,建議你最起碼要有一個入門款的錄音介面器。這樣,你就可以確保從樂器和麥克風所接收到的聲音質量會比較好。   在成本方面,不包括電腦/筆電或智能手機的成本,此時你的成本幾乎為零,因為你所會使用到的軟體目前是免費的。       利用錄音介面進行家庭錄音   使用錄音介面的主要目的是它可以將來自樂器和麥克風的信號轉換為電腦/筆電/智能手機可以處理的數據。要了解更多有關錄音介面的信息,這裡有文章可以參考。   那麼在家庭錄製中,真的需要用到錄音介面嗎?   需要,但也不見得。 如果你不在乎音質,可以不用錄音介面。直接透過電腦/筆電或智能手機上的內置麥克風進行錄製。   但是,如果你想要錄音的音質有一定的水準,那麼透過使用錄音介面效果就會有很大的差異,因為你現在可以無干擾的直接錄製由樂器傳出來的聲音。     將你的樂器直接接到錄音介面上,再將錄音介面連接到你的電腦/手機。此時你就可以把你的樂器設定為主要的音源,並在錄製過程中不會捕獲到環境中的其他聲音。   有些錄音介面還可以讓你通過 XLR 電纜連結麥克風,讓你可以同時收入高音質的樂器和歌聲。   根據你的預算,錄音介面的價格範圍很廣。目前市面上大多數入門款都非常便宜,而且性能不錯。   例如 Melo Audio 的 TS Mini。 這是目前市面上公認不錯的入門級選擇。無論是電腦或手機都可以搭配使用。 另一款是 iRig, 屬於同類產品中的始主。它的設計相當輕巧,非常適合與智能手機一起使用。   兩者都非常便攜,即使在戶外也能讓你輕鬆的進行錄音。 IK Multimedia iRig – HKD$99 Melo Audio TS Mini – HKD$699 Focusrite Scarlett Solo –  HKD$1,180     家聽錄音需要麥克風嗎?   麥克風是家庭錄音室設置不可或缺的一部分。它不僅能夠拾取細膩的聲音(或人聲),還可以讓你在沒有錄音介面或無法使用錄音介面的情況下接受到較好音質的效果,非常好用。   例如,大多數初學吉他手吉他手所使用的都會是原生木吉他,這些吉他也往往不會用放大器 (Preamp) 的裝置。因此你無法直接錄製吉他的源音。此時你有兩種選擇,你可以另外購買外接式的拾音器,或者你可以依賴麥克風來獲得更好的錄音質量。   要了解有關麥克風的更多的信息以及如何選擇適合你需要的麥克風,你可以參考這篇文章。   另外一件值得提的事是,如果你的預算真的很少,你可以考慮只買一個電容式麥克風。透過 USB 接頭將麥克風連到電腦。這樣一來你只需要安裝免費的音效剪輯軟體,就可以開始在家錄製了。   雖然這樣做音質不會是最佳,但它是你初次開始家庭錄音的最簡單和最便宜的方式。而且透過麥克風所錄製的音質相對還是會比電腦或智能手機的內建麥克風來的好。   電容式麥克風現在種類非常多,價格也非常便宜。 Plug & Play Condenser Microphone – HKD$280 Condenser Microphone w/ Pop Filter – HKD$380     在錄音過程中用來監聽的耳機   在錄音的過程,最好能用耳罩式耳機來監聽。雖然不是必須的,但會很有幫助。   在錄音時使用耳機的第一個明顯原因是它可以讓你監聽正在錄製的內容,否則你只會聽到金屬弦被撥動或彈奏的聲音。   當然,你也可以使用傳統耳塞式的有線耳機,但使用耳罩式耳機的第二個原因是藉由它的封閉性,它可以阻隔掉環境中的雜音,給你更準確的反饋。 Baseus Encok D02 Pro – HKD$359     家庭錄音室的設置選項   根據以上所列,你的家庭錄音設備配置可以有簡單和進階兩種方式來設定。   在這兩種設置中,主要區別在於你所選擇的錄音介面和監聽耳機。在下面的示例中,你可以選擇較經濟實惠的錄音介面,例如 iRig。 或往上一點,選擇 Melo TS Mini,它還可以讓你通過 XLR 電纜輸入專業麥克風。   你也可以選擇具有更多選項功能的高質量錄音介面,像是所提到的 Focusrite Scarlett Solo,但成本相對的也會更高。     結論,擁有一個家庭錄音室絕對可以提升你的錄製水平,並為你提供無盡的樂趣。但作為初學者的初體驗,你可以從本文中所提到的基本設備開始著手,然後隨著你的經驗及更了解你的需求,慢慢升級你的設備。 Rock On lnnl, Related resources: Cheap USB Audio Interface for iPad, iPhone, Android, PC & Mac   MeloAudio TS Digital Audio Interface Tone Shifter Mini   Record Bass To Your iPhone The Easy Way (Plus It’s Cheap-As-Chips)   How to Record a Song on Computer (Simple Explanation)

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2022-11-17

Equipment | How to Setup a Home Recording Studio

  Sharing your music has never been easier with the help of a few gadgets. So how do you go about recording your own music at home, and what equipment do you need?   Apart from your musical instrument, you’ll first need a computer/laptop/smartphone with an app that can record/mix your sound input. You’ll then need an audio interface and/or a microphone to transfer these sounds onto your computer. Lastly, a pair of headphones to monitor your recordings with.   In the following, we’ll be talking a little more in depth about how the actual recording process, computer software and APPs, equipment setup, and costs.   Home Recording Using a Computer or Smartphone   To begin with your first recording project, you’ll need to have a computer/laptop. It doesn’t have to be fancy, a mid-range computer/laptop that has 8 gigabytes of ram and about 128 gigabytes of storage space will be more than enough for a simple project.   The most important thing, however, is to have audio mixing software installed so that you can produce or edit your music with the different sound sources you’ve collected.      There are many free audio mixer software out there for you to choose from, such as Audacity, Sound Bridge, and Tracktion. Each with its pros and cons, but for free software, they’ll definitely get the job done.   If you don’t already have a computer/laptop, a smartphone with the right APPs installed will do too. For iOS users, GarageBand should be an existing APP on your phone by default. It’s a useful, free tool that you can use for recording, as well as mixing other tracks and midi sound into one project.   But if you’re an Android user, or you don’t have GarageBand, you can always download BandLab, which is also a free APP for recording music.   One word of advice, if you’re using your phone for your recording projects, it’s recommended that you also have at least an entry-level audio interface. That way, you’re able to ensure that the sound you’re receiving from your instruments and microphones is of much better quality.   Cost-wise, excluding the cost of a computer/laptop or a smartphone, at this point your cost is pretty much zero, as you’ll only be using free software and APPs.     Home Recording with an Audio Interface   The purpose of using an audio interface is simply to convert signals from your instruments and microphones into data that a computer/laptop/smartphone can process. To learn more, here’s an article on audio interface.   So do you really need an audio interface for home recording projects?   Yes and no.   You do not need an audio interface if you’re not concerned about your sound quality. Simply use the in-built microphones on your computer/laptop or smartphone and you can start recording.   But if you want decent sound quality for your recordings, then using an audio interface will make a lot of difference, as you will now able to record clean sound of your instrument.     By plugging your instrument directly into the audio interface via a cable, and the audio interface hooked up to your computer, the sound from your instrument can now be set as the input source and be recorded without capturing the sound in the environment.   You will also be able to connect a microphone via an XLR cable to the audio interface and record high-quality vocals with your instruments.   Depending on your budget, audio interface units are available at a wide range of prices. Most entry-level models are very affordable and do a decent job.   Something like the Melo’s TS Mini is a great entry-level option, suitable for use with both computers and smartphones. The iRig is the first of its kind, compact in design, and best suited for use with a smartphone.   Both are also very portable and allow you to record even when you’re outdoors.   IK Multimedia iRig – HKD$99 Melo Audio TS Mini – HKD$699 Focusrite Scarlett Solo –  HKD$1,180     Home Recording with a Microphone   Microphones are integral to a home recording studio setup. Not only are they able to pick up detailed sounds (or vocals), but they’ll also be very helpful in situations where you’re unable to plug your instrument into an audio interface.   For example, most beginner guitarists would most likely be using an acoustic guitar without an on-board preamp. And since you’re unable to plug your guitar into an audio interface, you can either buy an attachable pickup with an output jack, or you can rely on a professional microphone for better quality recording.   To read more about microphones and how to choose one that suits your need, here’s an article you can refer to.   Another thing to consider if you have a small budget is, to simply buy a condenser microphone which you can plug directly into your computer’s usb port. And all you need is to have audio software installed, you’ll be able to start recording at home.   Though this isn’t the best quality option, it’s the simplest and cheapest way to start your first home recording project. And quality would still be better than recording directly into the microphone of your computer or smartphone.   Condenser microphones have a lot of options and are very affordable these days。   Plug & Play Condenser Microphone – HKD$280 Condenser Microphone w/ Pop Filter – HKD$380     What Headphones to Use in Recording Sessions   During recordings, it’ll be helpful, though not a must, to have over-the-ear style headphones.    The first obvious reason for using a headphone during recording is it allows you to monitor what’s being recorded, otherwise you’ll only be hearing the sound of your metal strings being plucked or strummed.   Of course, you can use wired earphones that have been laying around, but the second reason for using over-the-ear headphones is that it creates a seal around your ears, and can block out irrelevant sounds, giving you more accurate feedback.   Baseus Encok D02 Pro – HKD$359     Setup Options for a Home Recording Studio   Based on your budget, you can generally set up your home recording studio in two ways, simple and advanced.    In both setups, the main difference lies in the option of your choice of audio interface and monitoring headphones. In the example below, your option for an audio interface can range from an affordable one like iRig or Melo TS Mini, which allows you to input a professional microphone via XLR cable.   You may also choose to have a higher quality audio interface with more options like the Focusrite Scarlett Solo, but the cost will obviously be higher too.     In conclusion, having a home recording studio can definitely up your game and provide you with endless hours of fun. As a beginner, you can start out with the basic equipment mentioned in this article and slowly upgrade as you learn more about what works best for you.   Rock On lnnl,   Related resources: Cheap USB Audio Interface for iPad, iPhone, Android, PC & Mac   MeloAudio TS Digital Audio Interface Tone Shifter Mini   Record Bass To Your iPhone The Easy Way (Plus It’s Cheap-As-Chips)   How to Record a Song on Computer (Simple Explanation)

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2022-11-12

管樂團當中的銅管樂器—小號

     在之前的blog當中,我們進行了為期4期的木管樂器介紹,相信大家已經對木管樂器有了很多的了解。大家已經找到心目當中最喜愛的聲音與樂器了嗎?如果您還想了解更多的樂器那就請繼續來關注我們最新的blog吧,接下來我們會針對管樂團當中的銅管樂器做一些介紹與講解,希望能夠幫助到各位進行樂器的選擇。         什麼是管樂團?  管樂團一般是指由一群銅管樂器、木管樂器與打擊樂器所組合而成的一個器樂合奏團體,其中的樂器種類繁多。因為它的演奏曲目較為多變,還能夠演奏一些改編過的古典音樂、輕音樂、流行音樂等等。並且許多小學與中學目前也非常重視管樂團的組建,因此管樂圖也是我們身邊存在感很強的一種器樂合奏模式。                             管樂團中都有什麼銅管樂器?    管樂團當中的器樂種類繁多,除了常見的木管樂器與打擊樂器,同時還有多變的銅管樂器所組成。在這裡,銅管樂器一般是由小號、圓號(法國號)、長號、上低音號、低音號、次中音號等組成,在聽到這些樂器的名稱之後是不是感覺有些頭大?擔心無法區分它們之間的差異?從這篇blog開始,Six Months Rebellion Music就會為大家仔細的講解這些銅管樂器之間的區別以及各個樂器的特色,如果您也想多多了解它們那就請仔細閱讀我們的blog哦。       小號:  大家一聽到小號這個樂器會想到什麼呢?英雄的氣質?輝煌的色彩?還是輝煌又非凡的形象?是的,以上都是小號的音樂色彩。  小號在樂隊當中有著十分關鍵的作用,因為它明朗響亮又高亢銳利的聲音,這使得它成為了樂隊當中最振奮人心的存在。在樂隊當中,它常負責一些旋律與高亢的節奏部分,它還可以演奏一些優美又抒情的片段,在管樂團中有著十分重要的地位,它在樂隊當中也負責高音的部分。       同時,因為小號具有非常美妙的高音音色並且能夠非常飽滿的演奏一些興奮、抒情或悲壯的音樂色彩,它也受許多作曲名家的青睞,在一些大型的音樂作品當中,小號的存在就是整個樂團的亮點。像海頓、胡梅爾、波扎等人都曾經為小號創作過動人的樂曲,接下請大家一起來欣賞海頓《降E大調協奏曲》。     Alison Balsom, 'Haydn Trumpet Concerto in Eb, 1st mov.' (Allegro)     在欣賞樂器的同時,大家是否有認真觀察過小號這個樂器呢?    小號是由金屬而製成細薄的圓筒管,又在樂器管體尾端1/4長的位置上將管體擴大從而形成了喇叭口。且樂器共有三個活塞按鍵,我們在進信封演奏的時候使用右手的食指、中指與無名指按動活塞進行演奏,左手則用來輔助穩定樂器。                                       在演奏時,演奏者需要將嘴唇貼近號嘴,再震動嘴唇呼出氣流,使氣流在管身內震動。  在演奏時,氣流中的水氣會在樂器管體重凝結成小水珠,這會使樂器發出異響,因此我們需要需要打開放水鍵使水珠從樂器內排出。   小號憑藉著自己獨特的音色,一直深受大家的喜愛,因此軍樂團、管樂團當中都十分喜歡加入小號,也正因為小號的存在才讓樂團始終充滿了激情。   低音區:比起小號的中、高音區,它的低音區音色較為柔軟、溫和,可以進行一些抒情、浪漫色彩的演奏,能夠非常好的表達感情色彩。雖然這個音域也可以進行強奏,但是這需要演奏者擁有高超的技巧。     中音區:小號的中音區與高音區都有著強大的表現能力,雖然它沒有高音區那麼慷慨激昂的色彩,但卻是變化幅度最大、感情色彩最豐富的一個音域。能夠表達濃郁的感情色彩,還能夠表現英雄氣質。   高音區:小號的高音區聲音嘹亮、清脆且極富光輝感,雖然音量不是很大,但是它的表達效果卻是最好的。   小號的演奏還可以使用弱音器來增添神秘色彩,這主要是減少了小號的排氣量,從而感變了小號的音色。弱音器在爵士音樂當中的運用較為普遍。

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2022-11-12

Brass instrument in the wind orchestra — trumpet

    In the previous blog, we introduced woodwind instruments for four periods. I believe you have a lot of knowledge about woodwind instruments. Have you found your favorite sounds and instruments? If you want to know more about musical instruments, please continue to follow our latest blog. Next, we will introduce and explain the brass instruments in the wind orchestra, hoping to help you choose musical instruments.         What is a wind orchestra? Wind orchestra generally refers to an instrumental ensemble composed of a group of brass, woodwind and percussion instruments, with a wide variety of instruments. Because its repertoire is relatively changeable, it can also play some adapted classical music, light music, pop music, etc. In addition, many primary and secondary schools also attach great importance to the establishment of wind orchestras, so itis also a mode of instrumental ensemble with a strong sense of existence around us.                          What brass instruments are there in the wind orchestra?   There are many kinds of instrumental music in the wind orchestra. In addition to the common woodwind instruments and percussion instruments, there are also various brass instruments. The brass wind instruments are generally composed of trumpet, horn (French horn), trombone, subwoofer, bass horn,  etc. After hearing the names of these instruments, do you feel a little confused or worried about being unable to distinguish between them? Starting from this blog, Six Months Rebellion Music will thoroughly explain the differences between these brass instruments and the characteristics of each instrument. If you want to know more about them, please read our blog carefully.     Trumpet:   What do you think of when you hear the trumpet? Heroic temperament? Brilliant colors? Or a brilliant and extraordinary image? Yes, the above are all trumpet music colors. Trumpet plays a very important role because of its clear, loud and sharp voice, which makes it the most exciting existence in the orchestra. In the orchestra, it is often responsible for some melody parts and high pitched rhythm, and it can also play beautiful and lyrical pieces. It plays a very important role in the orchestra, and it is also responsible for the high pitched part in the band.   At the same time, because trumpet has a very beautiful treble timbre and can fully play some exciting, lyrical or tragic music colors, it is also favored by many famous composers. In some large-scale music works, the existence of trumpet is the highlight of the whole orchestra. Haydn, Humel, Bozar and others have created moving music for trumpet. Next, please enjoy Haydn's Concerto in E flat Major.     Alison Balsom, 'Haydn Trumpet Concerto in Eb, 1st mov.' (Allegro)     While appreciating the musical instrument, have you carefully observed the trumpet?         The trumpet is a thin cylindrical tube made of metal, which is enlarged at the 1/4 long end of the instrument tube to form a bell mouth. The instrument has three piston keys. When we performing, we use the index finger, middle finger and ring finger of our right hand to press the piston to play, and the left hand is used to help stabilize the instrument.                                  When playing, the player needs to put his lips close to the mouthpiece, and then shake his lips to exhale air flow, so that the air flow can vibrate in the tube.   When playing, the water vapour in the air stream will condense into small water droplets at the instrument tube weight, which will make the instrument produce abnormal sounds. Therefore, we need to open the drain button to drain the water droplets from the instrument.     The trumpet has always been loved by everyone because of its unique timbre. Therefore, military bands and wind orchestras all like to have the trumpet. It is precisely because of the existence of the trumpet that the orchestra is always full of passion.   Bass area: Compared with the middle and high tone areas of trumpet, its bass area has a soft and gentle timbre, which can be used for some lyrical and romantic performances, and can express feelings very well. Although this range can also be stressed, it requires the performer to have superb skills.   Midrange: The midrange and treble of the trumpet have strong expressive ability. Although it is not as impassioned as the treble, it is a range with the largest range of changes and the richest emotional color. It can express strong feelings and heroic temperament. High pitch area: The high pitch area of trumpet is loud, clear and brilliant. Although the volume is not very large, its expression effect is the best.   The trumpet can also be played with a muter to add mystery, which mainly reduces the exhaust volume of the trumpet, thus changing the timbre of the trumpet. The use of microphones in jazz music is more common.    

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2022-11-12

色士風|色士風的高效練習指南(三)

                         在不知不覺間,我們已經是第三次來為大家介紹色士風的基本功練習了,如果您有跟隨我們的blog進行練習,那您是否有發現自己的進步呢?(下方是上期blog的link,沒有看過上期blog的新朋友可以點擊來閱讀。)如果您還想繼續學習更多的基本功練習方式,那相信今天的blog一定會幫助到您!除此之外,想要獲得成功的喜悅仍舊需要您的不懈努力哦。       在之前的兩期blog當中,我們為大家介紹了色士風的長音練習、音程練習的基本方法與提升方法。您在練習過之後是否會有一種練習熱情很高但是感覺自己的肢體仍舊很僵硬呢?如果您想改變這一現狀,那就請仔細閱讀我們Six months Rebellion Music 為大家帶來的這一期blog,希望大家在閱讀這一期blog之後能夠更努力的進行鞏固與練習,因為音階練習是無法偷懶的哦,如果您沒有進行過練習那將無法熟練掌握這項基本功。   色士風的高效練習指南(二)https://www.sixmonthsrebellion.com/blog/posts/an-effective-exercise-guide-for-saxophone-ii 色士風的高效練習指南(一)https://www.sixmonthsrebellion.com/blog/posts/an-effective-exercise-guide-for-saxophone     音階練習:    我們在前面兩期的blog當中已經詳細的為大家講解了色士風的長音與音程的相關練習,大家是否有發現我們在之前的練習當中練習的側重點是什麼呢?是手指?還是氣息? 答案是:氣息。                                   由於我們前兩期的練習大多是比較慢速的練習,對我們的手指並沒有太多的要求。同時,音階又是眾多樂曲當中一個非常重要的組成部分,如果我們能夠將音階練習做好,那我們可以很輕鬆的將樂曲完成並鍛煉我們手指的靈活程度。尤其是色士風的高音區域低音區是兩個較難演奏的音區,需要我們的雙手與氣息進行靈活自如的配合,因此音階練習就變得更為重要。     如何進行音階的演奏練習?    我們都應該知道“音階”就是以全音、半音以及其它的音程依次排列起來的一串音,雖然“音階”兩個字聽起來非常簡單,但是它們卻是非常重要且有一定難度的。我們在平時演奏樂曲時,尤其當我們碰到大篇幅較多音符出現的片段時,您是否會感到很痛苦?或者您是否會感覺無從下手不知道要怎樣來練習?       其實,我們不妨可以將這些樂譜拆解來觀察,所有的音符都會在音階當中出現,所有的組合也都會在相關的練習當中出現。如果您平時一直都在練習這些組合,那當我們碰到這些大篇幅的音符時還會感到困惑嗎?       音階的練習一般都包括:24個大小調音階、半音階、三度練習、琶音練習等等,今天我們首先針對C大調音階與半音階進行介紹與講解,其它的練習將在之後的blog當中為大家詳細講解。     C大調音階練習:  C大調音階是我們練習所有音階與樂譜的基礎,裡面共包含了7個自然音。雖然這個音階演奏起來很簡單,但是我們仍然需要認真練習,因為它們才是我們演奏中最常見的音符!例如:                                           我們在演奏的時候需要注意每一個音符都要清晰、準確並且平穩、乾淨,尤其是在演奏re與sol的時候,一定要注意手指與氣息的配合。同時,我們需要打開節拍器將速度調至60進行慢速練習,再根據自己的進度加快演奏速度。  我們在演奏這個音階時仍舊需要注意音符的清晰度與準確度,切忌貪功冒進。       半音階練習:    由於半音階練習當中的音符較多,我們在剛開始演奏它的時候經常會出現錯音或漏音的現象。大家不要擔心這些問題的發生,因為這個問題幾乎每個人都會碰到。我們可以在練習的時候將它們拆解成兩個部分,當練習清楚之後再把它們合併到一起。例如:                                          當我們將半音階練習的較為熟練之後,大家還可以進行加速演奏,具體的速度可以隨著您的熟練程度增長而加快。       Saxophone lesson : All Major Scales  

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