Music is the sound of thinking.
Bow posture and bow holding essentials of violin
Why doesn't the violin beginner's voice sound so "beautiful", while the player who has learned and practiced the violin for a long time can play real music instead of noise? In fact, just like learning vocal music, the most important thing in singing is breathing, and corresponding to learning violin, it is learning how to use the bow.
Lift the right hand, relax naturally, and hang on the bow, with the tip of the little finger standing on the plane above the shaft, and then place the outside of the shaft on the end of the second joint of the right index finger. The thumb and other fingers remain in place and relax naturally. Finally, place the tip of the thumb diagonally on the head of the bow hair box and the junction of the bow rod, the middle finger and the thumb are aligned, the contact point between the middle finger and the index finger and the bow is generally in the middle joint, the ring finger is in the first joint part, and the thumb grips The bow bends naturally, and the little finger also bends naturally on the top of the shaft. The entire fingers, palms and wrists are always in a natural relaxed state.
Note that the fingers are mobile when holding the bow, not stiff. In order to make the bow go evenly, straight and articulate freely, the various fingers have little adjustment activity.
When the bow runs at the tip of the bow, the index finger holds the bow deep, and the other fingers are slightly straight (not fully straight). When the bow is at the root of the bow, the index finger is shallow, but it must not leave the second joint, and the other fingers are bent. The movement of the fingers is gradually completed during the movement of the bow, especially before the bow change. Not a sudden, blunt change of motion.
The function of the little finger of the right hand: the little finger always stands on the bow shaft naturally bent, and does not leave the bow shaft. When the bow is carried at the root of the bow, part of the weight of the bow is transferred to the string, and the other part is supported by the little finger, so as to keep the bow in each position. The horizontal plane runs on the strings. The role of the little finger gradually decreases from the root of the bow to the tip of the bow, and gradually increases from the tip of the bow to the root of the bow. There are also some beginners who are prone to the problem that their fingers gradually slide to the top of the bow, and they should be corrected at any time and restored to the original position of holding the bow.
The action of carrying the bow starts from the shoulder bone, drives the forearm, wrist and fingers through the big arm, and puts the power of the arm on the bow and transmits it to the string. The bow is the continuation of the hand, and it should feel as free to use as it grows on the hand. When the bow is running, it should walk in a straight line, and do not lean forward and backward in a cross shape with the string. Only when the bow is straight can it be fully rubbed and made a good sound.
When the bow is lowered, the arms and elbows feel sagging, which naturally drives the right hand to move the bow downward. Arms, elbows, wrists and fingers should be relaxed and flexible. When bowing, it is driven by the arms, and the elbows have a slight internal "lifting" feeling, which drives the wrists and fingers to move the bow upwards. Whether it is an upper bow or a lower bow, the natural weight of the right arm should be felt at any time, and it should be good at using this natural weight to transmit it to the string to make a beautiful and rich sound. The power of the right arm is transmitted to the fingers, mainly through the lateral pressure of the index finger (middle finger assists) to the bow. Pay attention to the bow hair as far as possible sticking to the strings when the bow is carried, so as to facilitate the transmission of arm force and the sufficient vibration power of the strings. Use less bow hair only for weak force. Be careful to keep the contact point the same as you start to practice the bow, don't slide around on the string
This week's YouTube video tutorial is a popular song in Hong Kong:
Jiaqian Lin —– This Second in the Air
Music is the sound of thinking.