PIRASTRO * 德國 KorfkerCradle小提琴肩墊。比較昂貴。據說是使用了人體工學和力學原理製造，所以用了夾起琴來特別舒服，對琴的聲音的影響也特別小。
德國 Wittner 溫特納小提琴肩托，可多方向可調節。使用者可以根據自身條件，調節肩墊高度、傾角。重量輕，方便易用，強度高。此款安裝在拉弦板中間，跨過拉弦板的兩螺絲夾在左右兩邊，會使琴身受力均勻。由於與眾不同的設計方式，此款肩託與小提琴接觸面積很小，從而對小提琴音色影響也非常小。
Music is the sound of thinking.
1. Why does a violin need a shoulder rest?
In the early days, the violin was played against the chest. However, with the continuous research of performance skills, the requirements for the left hand are getting higher and higher, and it is no longer enough to play against the chest. Therefore, the way of playing the violin was changed from leaning on the chest to being sandwiched between the clavicle and the lower jaw to reduce the burden on the left hand and enable the left hand to be used flexibly. In this way, the shoulder pad was born. Therefore, the main purpose of the shoulder rest is to allow the player to better use the left hand to play.
2. How important is the violin shoulder rest?
The stability of the piano body during performance is very important. If the piano body may move in various ways during performance, many mistakes will inevitably occur. Therefore, in addition to placing the piano pad on the clavicle, it is also necessary to pay attention to whether the lower jaw and the tail of the piano are generally on the same horizontal vertical line, so as to prevent the bones or muscles from straining due to the incorrect position of the shoulder pad during the performance. , causing a small area of muscle tension, affecting performance.
In order to relax the left shoulder and the left hand, there are very strict regulations on the placement of the shoulder pads. First of all, when playing, the violin holder must place the violin body and the body at an angle to ensure that the bow and the violin are placed at an angle. The horse can be level on a uniform level. In order to ensure this, the piano pad must be placed closest to the back of the body to stabilize this position. Therefore, the piano pad must be placed on the collarbone.
3. How to install the violin shoulder rest?
To install the violin shoulder pad (shoulder support), first grab the back of the violin neck with one hand and rush it up, or let your arms clamp the neck.
When installing, first clamp one side on the other side of the card, and then move it slowly to adjust it until the shoulder pad is firmly stuck on the piano. You can shake it back and forth with your hand to test whether it is stable. Then put it on the shoulder and try it out to see if it is suitable. If it is not suitable, adjust the left and right orientation of the shoulder pad by sliding it properly until it suits you.
Regarding the issue of shoulder pads affecting the sound quality, the current shoulder pad production technology can already reduce its impact on the sound to a very low level. Compared to the relaxation of the left hand, the effect of this sound is minimal.
The question of whether to use shoulder rests can vary from person to person. This is conducive to the stability of holding the piano, which is very important in the beginner stage.
4. Types of violin shoulder rests
Taiwan ARTINO violin shoulder pad, paste type. May be more suitable for children, use when the neck is not too long.
【Timothy】Medium and violin soft fleece shoulder pads. Flannel, more comfortable.
PIRASTRO * Germany KorfkerCradle violin shoulder pads. relatively expensive. It is said that it is manufactured using ergonomic and mechanical principles, so it is very comfortable to hold the piano, and the impact on the sound of the piano is also very small.
The most common shoulder rest. Comfort is average.
Sheepskin violin shoulder rest 2-in-1 shoulder pad. Fully wrapped to reduce the friction of the chin rest screws on the neck.
The solid wood model is a bit heavy, the claws and the bottom plate cannot be adjusted forward and backward, and there are many fakes on the market.
KUN carbon fiber, slightly more expensive.
The KUN maple model, the non-foldable one costs about 500, and the foldable one is more expensive. It adjusts the way the three holes are adjacent.
A super classic from KUN.
Wolf card. The most common wolf brand is the black curved model, and there are straight models. If you think the sponge is not thick enough, there are thicker models.
Germany Wittner Wittner violin shoulder rest, multi-directional adjustable. Users can adjust the height and inclination of the shoulder pads according to their own conditions. Light weight, easy to use and high strength. This model is installed in the middle of the tailpiece, and the two screws that cross the tailpiece are clamped on the left and right sides, which will make the piano body evenly stressed. Due to the unusual design, the contact area between the shoulder rest and the violin is very small, so the impact on the sound of the violin is very small.
BOnmUSICA is an adjustable violin shoulder pad, its design principle can be easily adjusted to meet the needs of different body types and different comfort levels. The camber of the sponge can be greatly adjusted, and the two sponges can be combined and arranged manually, which is suitable for various shoulder shapes. The advantage is that it is very stable, but the disadvantage is that it is a bit heavy.
Markow Markov Resonance Shoulder Pads. The special design of the shoulder rest makes the vibration of the back of the violin freer.
5.The meaning of shoulder pads for playing
In fact, there are many violin learners or teachers who are not very concerned about shoulder pads. Art pursues freedom and casualness. The effect of playing in the freest state is inevitable. Therefore, many people are reluctant to use it in the early stage of learning. Shoulder pads are often counterproductive, causing the left shoulder and even the upper body muscles to fall into a tight state in order to maintain the stability of the piano body during performance, which is extremely detrimental to physical health. In terms of performance, it is not satisfactory.
Many violin learners or teachers don't care about shoulder pads very much. Art pursues freedom and casualness. The effect of playing in the freest state is inevitable. Therefore, many people are reluctant to use shoulder pads in the early stage of learning. The consequences are often counterproductive, making the left shoulder and even the upper body muscles fall into a tense state in order to maintain the stability of the piano body during performance, which is extremely unfavorable to the health of the body. Words are not satisfactory.
With the development of the times, the shoulder pads have also undergone reform and progress. In the early years, there were only two types of violin shoulder pads, spring shoulder pads and wooden shoulder pads. Later, on the basis of the two, many types were derived. There are also many options. The progress and development of shoulder pads confirms the importance of shoulder pads in violin performance from the side.
The main meaning of the shoulder pad is to make the left shoulder in a more relaxed state, that is to say, it can make the player in a relatively relaxed state, which is more conducive to the fundamental of performance – accurate pronunciation. The pronunciation of the violin is mainly produced by the friction between the bow and the strings. Therefore, different pressures, different positions, different strings, and different speeds during the playing process produce different sounds. In the process of playing, it is difficult to grasp the sound, especially for beginners, it is even more difficult to grasp the learning and application of basic skills, and the use of shoulder pads and the learning of standard postures can just improve this, and accurately grasp the pronunciation, for beginners more beneficial.
Art is the pursuit of people's spiritual world and has a certain beauty. Therefore, in the process of playing, in addition to a good state, the aesthetic sense of art is also very important. Different art types have different pursuits of aesthetic sense. For violin performance, the sense of beauty comes from two aspects, one is the performance brought by the player himself. Beauty, and the second is the beauty brought by the violin. The use of shoulder pads allows the playing body to enter a relatively quiet, stable and relaxed state, allowing the violinist to concentrate fully on the performance of the music. Therefore, the visual experience brought to people is as comfortable as running clouds and water, without the use of shoulder pads , it will make the player's body into a tense state, and there are many places that need to be taken into account during the performance, which will affect the effect.
playing for a long time
The body is in a state of tension for a long time, and the superposition of years and months will eventually cause damage to the body. It is not suitable to play for a long time. If the body is injured, the performance will be interrupted. Therefore, the use of shoulder pads is necessary for health reasons. , The shoulder pad can reduce the burden on the body, help beginners or long-term players to relax their bodies, and is beneficial to long-term performance.
The learning and playing of the violin is an artistic pursuit that requires patience, time and energy. Therefore, it is not advisable to make a blind leap forward, although the use of shoulder pads has certain benefits for both learning and performance, especially for beginners. The significance of learning the violin is far greater than the formulation of a long-term study plan. Therefore, attention should be paid to the use of shoulder pads.
Music is the sound of thinking.