指彈吉他(Fingerstyle) 入門指南

 

甚麼是Fingerstyle?

指彈結他(Fingerstyle Guitar)是結他獨奏的一種流派,一支結他會演奏多聲部。

Fingerstyle可以從字面猜出其實是用手指彈奏的方式,簡單而言,只要不是用Pick來彈奏的方式都可歸納為Fingerstyle,所以古典結他、民謠等都可廣義稱為Fingerstyle。

另外,美國的藍調音樂、鄉村音樂都有使用此技術,後來歐美的搖滾樂和金屬樂結他手也都有使用指彈伴奏歌曲

但狹義或現今的定義上,Fingerstyle一般是指現代鋼弦吉他演奏(指彈吉他),當中所演奏的曲目多數是近代為主,較少古典曲目,彈奏技巧上加入敲擊與刷弦。

 

fingerstyle要如何入門呢?

大家可以參考以下方向去入門

 

第一階段:學好基礎的吉他技巧
一般情況如果是剛開始學吉他,不建議你去學習。
Fingerstyle,因為你的基礎還沒有紮實,就去學fingerstyle是會很痛苦,挫折感很大,而且會進步得很慢。
始終指彈吉他是相對比較困難的。
 
在你學習fingerstyle之先,你須要學會的基本功:
1. 基本的和弦與按法
2. 基本的伴奏指法和刷法
3. 基本的槌音、勾音、滑音
4. 以及看得懂吉他六線譜
 
現時很多的吉他樂譜,都會用五線譜加上吉他六線譜的方式來出版,所以在學fingerstyle前有絕對的必要學懂看吉他六線譜。
 
 
 
 
第二階段:鍛鍊左右手的靈活性
Fingerstyle的演奏曲對左右手的靈活要求都十分高,層次上完全有別於常見的吉他伴奏。
平常的歌手有吉他伴奏時,聽眾會將注意力放在歌聲上,所以吉他彈得不太好都未必留意到。
 
不過當你在彈fingerstyle的時候,聽眾所有的注意力會放在你的吉他演奏上,只要有一點的瑕疵都會非常明顯。
而左手和右手要訓練的東西又不太一樣:
 
  • 左手主要是訓練手指擴張、指力和手指的靈敏度。
要訓練左手可以做一些基本的手指擴張運動,然後練習爬格子和音階,並且要完善的對著拍子練習
 
例子(左手練習)

(Source: https://www.cmusict.com/free-music-learning/electricguitarlesson1/)

 
 
  • 右手則是要訓練撥弦時的力道和角度,還有靈敏度。
右手的訓練,重點是要掌握好動態及節拍的準確度和穩定度
 
例子(右手練習)

(Source: https://classicalguitarmagazine.com/lesson-use-giulianis-studies-to-increase-right-hand-development/)

 

第三階段:學習歌曲
當你練習基本功已經一段時間,左右手都有一定的靈活度,你就可以開始練一些歌曲。
建議練習一些fingerstyle演奏家所作或編的樂曲。
因為演奏家的曲目多數會編得較好,從中學到很多東西,這也才值得你花時間去練。
岸部真明是其中一位十分值得推介的演奏家,他有一些曲目很適合初學者,例如《花》、《流行的雲》、《奇蹟的山》、《時間旅行》等

岸部真明 -《花》

 
 
練習完整的曲目時須要:
1. 反覆聆聽你所練習的曲目
2. 分段的練習,可讓你完整穩固整首歌曲,而不是每次都由頭往下練
3. 持續並規律地在練習,就是一兩個月內差不多每天都練習大約45分鐘或以上
 
 
最後鼓勵有意學習Fingerstyle 的人,想學有所成無論如何都要堅持並有耐性,因為要鑽研一項技藝需要一定的時間和重複枯燥的練習才能夠達成。
 
 
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Fingerstyle Guitar Starting Guide
 
 

What is Fingerstyle?

Fingerstyle Guitar is a genre of guitar solo. One guitar can play multiple parts or voices.

Fingerstyle can literally guess that it is actually played with fingers. Simply speaking, as long as it is not played with Pick, it can be summarized as Fingerstyle, so classical guitars and folk songs can be broadly called Fingerstyle.

In addition, American blues music and country music all use this technique, and later rock and metal guitarists in Europe and the United States also use fingerstyle accompaniment or songs.

However, in a narrow or current definition, Fingerstyle generally refers to modern steel-string guitar performance (fingerstyle guitar). Most of the repertoires played are mainly modern and less classical. Percussion and brushing are added to the playing technique.

 

How to get started with fingerstyle?

You can refer to the following directions to get started

 

The first stage: learn basic guitar skills

Generally speaking, if you are just starting to learn guitar, it is not recommended that you learn it.

Fingerstyle, because your foundation is not solid, it will be very painful to learn fingerstyle, frustration is great, and progress will be very slow.

Finger-playing the guitar is relatively difficult all the time.

 

Before you learn fingerstyle, the basic skills you need to learn:

1. Basic chords and methods

2. Basic accompaniment fingering and brushing

3. Basic hammer on, Pull off and Slide

4. And understand guitar tabs

 

Nowadays, many guitar scores are published in the form of staves plus guitar tabs, so it is absolutely necessary to learn how to read guitar tabs before learning fingerstyle.

 

 

The second stage: exercise the flexibility of the left and right hands

Fingerstyle's performances have very high requirements for the flexibility of the left and right hands, and are completely different from common guitar accompaniment in level.

When an ordinary singer has a guitar accompaniment, the audience will focus on the singing, so it may not be noticed that the guitar is not well played.

 

But when you are playing fingerstyle, all the audience's attention will be on your guitar performance, as long as there is a slight flaw or mistake, it will be very obvious.

The training for the left hand and the right hand is different:

 

  • The left hand is mainly for training finger expansion, finger strength and finger sensitivity.

To train the left hand, you can do some basic finger expansion exercises, then practice scales, and perfect practice against the beat(metronome)

 

Example (left hand exercise)

(Source: https://www.cmusict.com/free-music-learning/electricguitarlesson1/)

 

 

  • The right hand is to train the strength and plucking angle, as well as sensitivity.

The training of the right hand focuses on mastering the accuracy and stability of dynamics and beats

 

Example (right hand exercise)

(Source: https://classicalguitarmagazine.com/lesson-use-giulianis-studies-to-increase-right-hand-development/)

 

The third stage: learning songs

When you have been practicing basic skills for a while, and you have a certain degree of flexibility in your left and right hands, you can start practicing some songs.

It is recommended to practice some music composed or arranged by fingerstyle players.

Because most of the repertoires of performers will be better arranged, and you can learn a lot from it, it is worth your time to practice.

Kishibe Masaaki is one of the performers worth recommending. He has some repertoires that are suitable for beginners, such as "Flower", "Drifting Cloud", "Miracle Mountain", "Time Travel" and so on.

Kishibe Masaaki – "Flower"

 

To practice the complete repertoire:

1. Listen to the repertoire you are practicing

2. Segmented practice allows you to stabilize the entire song instead of starting from the beginning every time

3. Practice continuously and regularly, practice for approximately 45 minutes or more every day for a month or two

 

 

Finally, encourage those who are interested in learning Fingerstyle. If you want to learn something, you must persist and be patient, because it takes a certain amount of time and repeated boring exercises to study a skill.