In the previous blog, we introduced woodwind instruments for four periods. I believe you have a lot of knowledge about woodwind instruments. Have you found your favorite sounds and instruments? If you want to know more about musical instruments, please continue to follow our latest blog. Next, we will introduce and explain the brass instruments in the wind orchestra, hoping to help you choose musical instruments.
What is a wind orchestra?
Wind orchestra generally refers to an instrumental ensemble composed of a group of brass, woodwind and percussion instruments, with a wide variety of instruments. Because its repertoire is relatively changeable, it can also play some adapted classical music, light music, pop music, etc. In addition, many primary and secondary schools also attach great importance to the establishment of wind orchestras, so itis also a mode of instrumental ensemble with a strong sense of existence around us.
What brass instruments are there in the wind orchestra?
There are many kinds of instrumental music in the wind orchestra. In addition to the common woodwind instruments and percussion instruments, there are also various brass instruments. The brass wind instruments are generally composed of trumpet, horn (French horn), trombone, subwoofer, bass horn, etc. After hearing the names of these instruments, do you feel a little confused or worried about being unable to distinguish between them? Starting from this blog, Six Months Rebellion Music will thoroughly explain the differences between these brass instruments and the characteristics of each instrument. If you want to know more about them, please read our blog carefully.
What do you think of when you hear the trumpet? Heroic temperament? Brilliant colors? Or a brilliant and extraordinary image? Yes, the above are all trumpet music colors.
Trumpet plays a very important role because of its clear, loud and sharp voice, which makes it the most exciting existence in the orchestra. In the orchestra, it is often responsible for some melody parts and high pitched rhythm, and it can also play beautiful and lyrical pieces. It plays a very important role in the orchestra, and it is also responsible for the high pitched part in the band.
At the same time, because trumpet has a very beautiful treble timbre and can fully play some exciting, lyrical or tragic music colors, it is also favored by many famous composers. In some large-scale music works, the existence of trumpet is the highlight of the whole orchestra. Haydn, Humel, Bozar and others have created moving music for trumpet. Next, please enjoy Haydn's Concerto in E flat Major.
Alison Balsom, 'Haydn Trumpet Concerto in Eb, 1st mov.' (Allegro)
While appreciating the musical instrument, have you carefully observed the trumpet?
The trumpet is a thin cylindrical tube made of metal, which is enlarged at the 1/4 long end of the instrument tube to form a bell mouth. The instrument has three piston keys. When we performing, we use the index finger, middle finger and ring finger of our right hand to press the piston to play, and the left hand is used to help stabilize the instrument.
When playing, the player needs to put his lips close to the mouthpiece, and then shake his lips to exhale air flow, so that the air flow can vibrate in the tube.
When playing, the water vapour in the air stream will condense into small water droplets at the instrument tube weight, which will make the instrument produce abnormal sounds. Therefore, we need to open the drain button to drain the water droplets from the instrument.
The trumpet has always been loved by everyone because of its unique timbre. Therefore, military bands and wind orchestras all like to have the trumpet. It is precisely because of the existence of the trumpet that the orchestra is always full of passion.
Bass area: Compared with the middle and high tone areas of trumpet, its bass area has a soft and gentle timbre, which can be used for some lyrical and romantic performances, and can express feelings very well. Although this range can also be stressed, it requires the performer to have superb skills.
Midrange: The midrange and treble of the trumpet have strong expressive ability. Although it is not as impassioned as the treble, it is a range with the largest range of changes and the richest emotional color. It can express strong feelings and heroic temperament.
High pitch area: The high pitch area of trumpet is loud, clear and brilliant. Although the volume is not very large, its expression effect is the best.
The trumpet can also be played with a muter to add mystery, which mainly reduces the exhaust volume of the trumpet, thus changing the timbre of the trumpet. The use of microphones in jazz music is more common.